In this technological era, educational technology has rapidly changed. It now is provided virtually all over the world through the comfort of everyone’s home. However, it’s quite difficult to understand the influence, role, and impact of educational technology upon people without knowing its historical background. So, let’s find the history of educational technology below.
The Tribal: According to Paul Saettler, who wrote a book on the evolution of “American Educational Technology,” the history of educational technology begins from the time when “tribal priests” would systemize the body for offering knowledge. The cultures at those times would develop pictures and carve them on stones, rocks, and walls, along with symbolic writing. Also, they would create pictographs and pictograms to convey information.
Ancient Greece: Later in Ancient Greece, the term “Techne” was introduced by the older sophists. Techne means to either create something or do it, such as arts and crafts. It was also used for systematic knowledge transfer among people. The era of Ancient Greece was immediately followed by the Middle Ages afterwards.
Middle Ages: The Middle Ages lasted from the 5th to the late 15th century. During this period, a French scholastic philosopher named “Peter Abelard” invented a knowledge processing technique that not only helped but changed the style of scholastic education. His techniques and method of teaching involved presenting and structuring materials that became easy for people to understand. Also, he was considered a monk and at that time. Many monks would write books to provide information in books form to the students for knowledge learning. At that time, books were handmade, and information was written on goats or sheep’s skin since there was no concept of paper. Also, maps were introduced on similar products (goats or sheepskin).
Scientific Education: Scientific education aroused during the Middle Ages, especially from the 12th to 15th century. Ḥasan Ibn al-Haytham, a very famous mathematician, and physicist worked a lot on understanding the processing of vision. He was also known as the “father of modern optics.” Another famous name, “Roger Bacon,” worked a lot on studying nature through empiricism. In the 16th to 17th century, the scientific revolution was formed. An American psychologist named; “Edward Lee Thorndike” set the scientific foundation of “educational psychology.” He would perform a lot of experiments on animals to understand the behaviours of living beings. One of his greatest experiments was using a puzzle box for cats, resulting in the “law of effect.”
Visual Information: In the 19th century, visual presentation of information began to occur through textbooks, black or whiteboards, pens, pencils, colours, and more. Also, educational films were developed, televisions were invented, and finally, in the 1940s, the first-ever computers were made. Later after a decade, mainframes were introduced. Minicomputers in the 1960s, then microcomputers in the 1970s, and then came the internet in the 1990s, which became a game-changer in the world of education. Nowadays, many individuals seek help regarding projects, assignments, and quizzes through the internet.